Clements Family

THE CLEMENTS FAMILY, BISHOP'S CLEEVE, CHELTENHAM TO ADELAIDE LEAD, VICTORIA

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The Anglican Parish Church of St Michael's & AD Angels, Bishop's Cleeve - built 1160- 1190 and partly rebuilt in the 1300's and 1600's.

THE CLEMENTS FAMILY AT BISHOP'S CLEEVE
The first members of the Clements family found by research were Richard and Sarah Clements of Gloucestershire. Richard and Jane were their children. Jane was christened on 22 July 1683 at the church of St Michael and the Blessed Archangel at Bishop's Cleeve. This village is located a few miles north of Cheltenham Spa in Gloucestershire. The village appears to have been founded in the late 8th century when land was given to establish a Minster church in the area. The church was to be dedicated to St Michael the Archangel. The present village church was built in the 12th century.

Richard and Hannah Clements, who lived in Gloucestershire, had a son also named Richard who was baptised at Bishop's Cleeve on 5 November 1714. Richard later married Sarah and the couple lived in the Parish of St Aldgate, Gloucester City. They had 8 children baptised at the church of St. John the Baptist, Gloucester. The children were: Richard who was baptised 18 December 1738, John, 3 August 1740; Joyce, 5 October 1743; Edward, 9 June 1745; Sarah, 31 August 1746; William, 11 August 1748; John, 1 April 1750; and Thomas, 15 December 1751.

Thomas Clements married Elizabeth Hermitage, (an alternative spelling could be Harmitage), at St John The Baptist church on 28 September 1777. The couple had 4 children baptised at St John the Baptist church. They were: Thomas, 29 November 1778; Elizabeth, 7 January 1781; Richard, 16 March 1783; and John, 20 January 1786.

At Hempsted in Gloucester City, Thomas Clenmons (sic) married Mary Heats on 23 August 1801. Both lived in Littleworth Hamlet so it may be assumed that Thomas was really a Clements and Mary was a Heath. Mary had been baptised at St Mary De Crypt on 25 June 1777. Neither Thomas nor Mary could read or write when married. They had 5 children-all baptised at St John The Baptist, Gloucester city. The children were: Elizabeth, 12 September 1802; Ann, 23 December 1804; Joseph, 29 September 1806; Thomas, 4 January1809; and Ann, 20 August 1811. Ann, the second child, was buried at St John The Baptist on 28 April 1808. Another child was later also named Ann.

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Joseph Clements married Elizabeth Howett on 25 May 1827 at Hempsted, Gloucester city. Elizabeth was born in Gloucester City. Her parents were William and Sarah Howett. Both Joseph and Elizabeth lived in Littleworth when married; neither could read or write. Joseph became a coal merchant in the Parish of St Aldgate. Their first 2 children were baptised at the St Aldgate church. The 2 children were Mary Anne (Marianne), 4 May 1828 and William, 24 May 1829. In 1830, the family moved to the parish of St John the Baptist where their second son was born, who was baptised on 13 March 1831.

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St Mary de Lode Church. Gloucester St Mary de Lode stands in a 1960’s square beyond the cathedral precinct and is reached via two gatehouses on my route. This view shows the exterior and Martyr’s Memorial; the site where Bishop Hooper was burnt to death in 1556.

The growing family moved again; this time to the Parish of St Catherine, where another 3 sons were baptised at the St Mary de Lode Church. The children were William, 3 February 1833; (the first William must have died before then); Thomas 28 December 1834; and Charles, 19 March 1837. The second son, Joseph, soon after the 1851 census, must have been lured to California where gold had been discovered in 1849. Nothing is known of exactly when and how he travelled to California. He does not appear to have been successful in his Californian search, for in 1853 he boarded the 'Florida' to travel from California to Melbourne via Sydney. The gold rush to Australia had started in earnest by 1852 and much gold was being found in Victoria as well as New South Wales. He must have travelled to Heathcote very early in his travels for he bought land in the town: two one-acre lots being Lot 2. Sec. 7 and Lot 4 Sec.18. When Joseph went to Adelaide Lead, a village near Maryborough, is not known.

ADELAIDE LEAD
Adelaide Lead was a goldfield discovered in 1855 near Amherst by South Australian miners. It was named after their capital city. Queen Adelaide was William IV's wife. (See Les Blake Place Names of Victoria)

Gold was first discovered at Maryborough in June 1854 .

'A large rush to the south of Alma in January 1855 was the start of the Adelaide Lead field. The sinking on Adelaide Lead, Waterloo Flat, Inkerman and Slaughteryard Hill was similar: yellow clay on the surface, then gravel to slate at the bottom. The wash-dirt from 6 inches to 3 feet, yielded 1 to 4 ounces to the load.' (p. 72 Footprints: A History of the Shire of Tullaroop. Barbara Willis Shire of Tullaroop. 1988)

Mr Drummond's Camp at Alma is shown on a map of the Adelaide Lead, Alma Diggings, drawn by W. A. Taylor in August1855. It was on the west bank of Timor Creek, near where Alma village was surveyed in 1865.

On about 10 May 1855 the Balaclava Rush occurred on the flat below Moonlight Gully, about 1 3/4 miles south west of the Alma Camp. It was very rich and extra claims were granted to the unknown discoverer. In the following June, Inkerman Lead was discovered, behind the Camp and not far from the Lord Raglan Hotel at the Alma. This lead spread south, and the area covered all the rich ground between the Alma and Adelaide Lead. The lead was struck a half mile from the Alma.

The Adelaide Lead began as a rush of sixty diggers, who pegged the whole of Oppossum Gully, on the high ground north of Amsherst, about seven miles from the Alma. The continuation of tile lead north, as Adelaide Lead, followed the Timor Creek on the east side. About two miles below the top there was a village and two pubs, the Adelaide and the Junction, and here a camp was established in July 1855 in charge of Phillip Champion de Crespigny. (Maryborough Victoria: Goldfields History by James Flett. Poppet Head Press, Glen Waverley 1975)

Black Douglas, the well known bushranger, the scourge of the Black Forest, who held up teamsters between the Bush Inn and Harpers Inn at Woods End in 1852, and whose name had become a legend, was caught at the Adelaide lead near the Alma on Sunday, 5 May 1855. A carrier who had been robbed by Douglas recognised him and he hit him on the head with a meat cleaver. Douglas and about 6 of his mates were taken to the Alma, escorted by about 200 diggers. He received a two year sentence. (See Ch.6, Maryborough Victoria: The Goldfields History).

'What became known as the Alma riots, started early in June 1855 as a small dispute over a claim and nearly became a racial riot. Involved were the vigilante English groups formed to deal with criminal gangs but which unwisely involved themselves in a dispute with Irish diggers. The affair began when a digger named McCrea was awarded a claim in dispute with an Irish party on the Adelaide lead on June 16 1855. The Irish threw him out of the claim and repeatedly knocked him down with sticks as he ran. He drew a revolver, fired three shots and wounded one of his assailants, variously known as Sweeney or Melloir. A fight between the English, also called the 'Allies’ or ‘True Blues' and the Irish took place and fourteen 'Tips' were rounded up and taken to the Camp. Governor Hotham viewed this matter seriously, as perhaps the makings of another Eureka, and sent S.de Vignoles S.M. with 50 police from Richmond Barracks to Carisbrook; these to be in reserve in case of real trouble. The Irish sent a messenger from Daisy Hill to Ballarat to bring back all the Irish, as the English, Scottish and Americans were trying to turn them off the diggings. The situation at Adelaide Lead was tense.'

'The local Warden, with much tact managed to calm the situation before Vignoles arrived. However, Vignoles aggravated the situation by arresting people and matters were tense for a period. Eventually the leaders of the factions agreed to submit to the law. The local warden had been outraged at Vignoles’ blunderings into his territory and Vignoles attempt to make another 'Eureka' out of the Alma Riot. He made his position clear and was transferred to Castlemaine for his trouble!' (See pp48, 49 and 50 of Maryborough Victoria: The Goldfields History). (For further report of the Alma Riots see Maryborough: A Social History 1854 to 1904 by Betty Osborn and Trenear Du Bourg, published by Hedges & Bell, Maryborough 1985 pp42,43, 46, 47).

Adelaide Lead formed its own Mutual Protection Society to look after the miners interests but Caroline Chisolm had her own answer:

'Protection Societies are good things, in their way, and ought to be encouraged and supported but after all they are poor substitutes for matrimony. It is time justice was done to this country and the people in it, and if we really wish the Tipperary Boys to be quiet and lay down their shellelaghs, we must give them little children. With lots of children and plenty to feed them they are as quiet as lambs and their wives, without the aid of Sir Charles Hotham, the police, or protection societies, would know how to keep them in perfect order' (Osborn & Du Bourg p,48)

“…and in August (1855) there was a rush to Coppernose's Gully, a branch of Opposum Gully, near the head of Adelaide Lead. Some large nuggets of gold also came to light' (p63 Maryborough Victoria: The Goldfields History). In October 1855 there were 3 camps of Chinese at Adelaide Lead. They had come to the area from South Australia to avoid paying the Victorian poll tax. (?)

On 30 October 1856 the Herald reported that the notorious robber Turner had been arrested at Adelaide Lead . His gang had murdered one policeman and wounded another at Mt Ararat. Gipsy Turner was caught at Coppernose's GulIy at the head of Adelaide Lead. He was given ten years jail for robbery whilst his off-sider, who had killed the policeman was hanged on 11 March 1857. (p 67 The Goldfields History)

In November 1857 the population of Adelaide lead was 210. On 16 October, 1856, the Argus reported that even though diggers were making fair wages at places such as the Alma, Blackman’s Lead and Adelaide Lead, they deserted these fields for new rushes elsewhere. They wanted to make a quick ’pile’ but were often disappointed. If they had stayed where they were they could have found plenty of gold!

Adelaide Lead, in 1866, was a busy centre with many cottages and puddling machines, gardens, two smithies, dairie and several stores but no hotel. John Minter was the blackmith, and stores were operated by George Gellan and William Hall, in partnership; Frederick Faulkner; William Blackey William Pennock; John Dellar and Arthur Lindsay. The School opened in 1863 or 1864. Mr David Bilton taught there in the 1880's travelling from Craigie by buggy. After the school closed, the fine building of hand-made brick was purchased by the Shire of Tullaroop as a public hall.

Adelaide Lead had a fine pottery, run by an English immigrant Mr Plumridge in 1869. From a rudimentary beginning with primitive tools in a rough hut Mr Plumridge added kilns, mills and a decent building. The clay in the area was ideal for his range of products and in his immaculate 40' x 15' x 15' building, the Burnham Pottery, he made and displayed ornamental vases. Italian baskets, flower pots, as well as utilitarian butter chums, wine kegs, 8 gallon jars, milk pans, wash basins, etc. His wares were of high quality and most importantly, were waterproof. The prices were reasonable: 2 shillings a dozen for flowerpots (p 73 Footprints) (Frank Martin who has lived at Adelaide lead since he was 1 year old, lives on the property where Plumridge the Potter lived in the 1860's and 1870's.)

Only a few nuggets found in Maryborough area incIuding a 25 oz nugget at Adelaide Lead in 1862.
On the small holdings vines and fruit trees were often planted and the area had a number of wine-makers even in the 1860's and 1870's, Mr Rubrum of Adelaide Lead, Mr Mark Brewins of Havelock and Mr AIderson also of Havelock were among the early winemakers ('Footprints p.115)

Cricket began in the district in 1857 and clubs blossomed including teams from both Lower and Upper Adelaide Lead. Adelaide Lead was still fielding a cricket team in 1901. (Footprints pp. 150 & 151)

Adelaide Lead was included in the Maryborough mining district. Later the area changed from shallow reef mining to deep reef mining. Water in the mine-shafts was a problem! Tonnages were small at many reefs, including Clement's reef. (Location is unknown.)

Two diggers at Adelaide Lead identified the bushranger, Turner who was later arrested, heavily ironed and taken to Maryborough jail by a large body of police. He was evidently a man of immense physical strength who had twice previously escaped from custody.

‘Maryborough's blackest page' occurred when what was known as the 'Tipperary Riots’ occurred over a dispute about claim jumping. There were several fights and eventually the fracas was sorted out peacefully. It is interesting to note that there were many men from Tipperary in the area. Perhaps Mary Fitzpatrick may have known some of them from her home county!

A Church of Christ opened at Adelaide Lead in 1866. By 1868 a Post Office had been opened. The 1868 Shire of Tullaroop rate book shows that Adelaide Lead had a billiard room, a store, a smithy and stables. The Shire was established on 24 January 1865

During the depression year of 1931 men were employed in fossicking for gold at various places. Several of the men were quite successful in gathering 'quite a bit' of gold- especially after heavy rain. One interested observer reported: ‘that on the Alma and Adelaide Lead he saw gold in lumps which had to be left there'. (p 240 Against the Odds Maryborough 1905-1961 Betty Osbom, published by the Central Goldfields Shire Council 1995)

Nothing further is known about Joseph Clements until his marriage to Mary Fitzpatrick at the Church of England minister's residence at Carisbrook, only a few kilometres east of Maryborough.

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Mary Fitzparick

Exactly where Mary had been born is not known. Most of her brothers and sisters had been born at Clashaniska, a townland near Clonmel in County Tipperary, Ireland. Family members may have attended the Powerstown Church which was very close to Clashaniska.

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Only farmhouse left at Clashaniska

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Powerstown church near CIonmel

Other sources suggest that Mary may have been born in Kilkenny. Mary's mother and father, Ellen Long and Maurice Fitzpatrick, were married in Ardfinnan village, County Tipperary on 8 February 1835.

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Mary came to Sydney on the ‘Bermondsey’, arriving there on 29 May 1855. She was 20 at the time and was a farm servant. Her mother was living at Cashel, presumably her father was dead. Mary could neither read nor write and the voyage cost her 1 pound. The 1866 Rate book shows: Rate No 151 Joseph Clements, owning a cottage and garden in the West Riding. Its Net Annual Value was 5 pounds ten shillings.

JOSEPH WILLIAM CLEMENTS
Joseph William Clements was born 1857 at Adelaide Lead and married Mary Bums at Talbot in 1878 (Primitive Methodist). He died at Bullumwaal in October 1926.

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Joseph William (Josh) was born at Adelaide lead in 1857. He worked in the gold mines in the district and married Mary Burns at Talbot on 24 April 1878.They had a large family, the eldest being James Aird. They moved for a few years to Bendigo before moving to Bulumwaal, where they moved into a small cottage which is still standing today. Joseph went prospecting for long periods of time and the family apparently lived in poverty until 1914, as they repeatedly asked for extra time to pay the rent on their land. Joseph was later the owner of the Perseverance Mine and Battery on the western side of Bulumwaal and was a mine manager when he died on 19 October 1926. He left the whole of his estate to his wife Mary. This amounted to 448 pounds 13 shillings and three-pence. (Most of the information about Joseph William was supplied by the late Jim Clements)

ALFRED CLEMENTS
Alfred Clements was born at Amherst 1859 and died at Carlton in 1919 of pulmonary tuberculosis & exhaustion

CHARLES CLEMENTS
Charles Clements was born 11Dec 1861 at Adelaide Lead and married Annie Hollensen in 1893 at Bairnsdale. He died at Borung on 5 Feb 1917 of pulmonary phthisis & heart failure.

RICHARD CLEMENTS
Richard Clements was born at Adelaide Lead in 1866 and married Agnes Catherine Ryan in 1899 at Maryborough. Both were murdered at Bullumwaal in Feb 1828.

ELLEN CLEMENTS
Ellen Clements was born at Adelaide Lead in . She married Louis Marie Guihenneuc in 1896 at Box Hill. Ellen died at Westgarth on 8th Feb 1944.

FREDRlCK CLEMENTS
Fredrick Clements was born at Adelaide Lead in 1869. He died after a brief and painful illness at Bullumwaal on 17 .lane 1892.

ALICE ADELAIDE CLEMENTS
Alice Adelaide Clements was born 1872 in Adelaide Lead and married Edward Vivian in Maryborough in 1893. He died and Alice married Robert Hargreaves.

MAUD CLEMENTS
Maud Clements was born in 1875 in Adelaide Lead. She died in 1892 at Nth Fitzroy and is buried at Bullumwaal.

ALBERT EDWlN CLEMENTS
Albert Edwin Clements was born 1879 at Adelaide Lead. He was accidentally shot in August 1897 by a friend, Edward Horner, who was engaged to a member of the Clements family. Albert is buried at Bullumwaal.

GEORGE F.CLEMENTS
George F Clements died as an infant on 11 March 1879 and was buried in the same grave as his father at Maryborough.

ADELAIDE LEAD SCHOOL
The school opened on 1st .Jan 1862 under John BIyth, as Head Master. It had an average attendance of 15 boys and 16 girls at this time and during 1862 it received 100 pounds in Government Aid and 75 pounds three shillings and six pence in school fees. The 1873/4 Minister’s Report shows that Adelaide Lead school was conducted in a building which was the property of the Primitive Methodists. During that period 489 pounds was spent by the Education department on the erection of a new building.

It seems that in 1887 Joseph William Clements was secretary of the local school committee for he and E.Bursill wrote to the local member complaining about conditions at the school. The complaints included:

  1. Unsafe drinking water
  2. Burying of night soil in the grounds. In some cases it is not buried properly but lies on the ground.
  3. Too many relieving teachers in the last 18 months. They do not live in the area so do not have great interest in the school. Attendance has dropped from 100 to 75 in the time they have been there. Children are being sent miles to schools at Alma and Maryborough instead of Adelaide Lead. A resident head teacher is needed.
  4. School should be fenced as cattle, sheep, goats and even pigs make a camping ground of the school area.
  5. Young gum trees are being ruined by mischievous persons who strip the bark off them.

A petition was sent to the Board of Education by parents in 1887 asking that the school tank be cleaned. The petition was signed by Richard Sanders, Fredrik Parker, Alexander Cruikshank, Charles Hallard, Edwanl Bursill, Sargh Nevitt and J. W. Clements. Many parents signed another petition, obviously written by J. W. Clements, for a local teacher, a clean water tank and the replacement of the shingle roof with iron.

JOSEPH CLEMENTS

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Only known photo of Joseph & Mary Clements with family

Adelaide Lead School Register
No 42 Ellen Clements. (Daughter of Joseph, who was a miner) aged 6 y 5 m in Jan 1873
No 65 Frederick Clements. (Son of Joseph) aged 4 yrs 8 months in Aug.1873
No 145 Alice (Daughter of Joseph)aged 4 yrs 3 months in Sept 1876
No 197 Maud (Daughter of Joseph) aged 3 yrs 3 months in May 1879
No 261 Albert Edward (Soon of Joseph) aged 3 yrs 6 months in Nov 1882
No 108 Alberta M?? (Daughter of Joseph W. Clements) aged 5 yrs 7 months in May 1886
No 110 James (Son of Joseph W. Clements) aged 6 yrs 10 months in May 1886
No 118 William (Son of Joseph William) aged 4 yrs 9 months in Sept 1886 No 136 Eugene (Son of Joseph William) aged 4 yrs 9 months in April 1888
No 162 .lanet ( Daughter of Joseph William) aged 5 yrs 5 months in January 1900

Plenty of exam results for Albert in 1886, 1887, 1888,1889, 1890, 1892.
No results for Maud.

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Some descendants of Joseph & Mary Clements at Adelaide Lead School

Maryborough Hospital Admissions
Ellen Clements - DA 22 Nov 1873, 31 years old - lived in Maryborough Came from Liverpool on the ship -Emma', 16 years in the colony, single, RC, accident
George F.Clements DA 16 Nov. 1860 aged 42 years, employed as a broker, came from California on the ship 'Monumental’ 8 years in colony, single and Protestant
Albert Clements DA 3 Feb 1885 aged 6 yrs, native of Adelaide Lead Rc, Discharged on 7 Feb 1885. Nature of illness was paraphymosis
Alfred Clements DA 12 Sep 1867 Native of Adelaide Lead, Church of England Native of Victoria. Discharged 8 October 1867 Diagnosed with fever. Gave birth place as Carisbrook.
Charles Clements DA 20 March 1888 aged 26 yrs, miner, single, Church of England, native of Adelaide Lead. Diagnosis was skin disease. Discharged on 10 May 1888
Joseph Clements DA 10 March 1873 aged 46 yrs, Port of Entry California on the ship 'Florida'- 20 yrs in the colony He was married and Church of England and was employed as a sail-maker .He was discharged on 18 April 1873 and his diagnosis was fever.

Maryborough Cemetery records
A letter from Phelans Funeral Directors of 3 October 1967 says that G. F. Clements died in 1879 and Joseph Clements died in 1885 and they are both buried in Grave number 1351. However in reply to a further letter from me of 18 September 1987 they say that Geo. F. Clements was buried in Grave no. 907 as a child (fee 10/-) on 11 March 1879 and .Joseph was buried ill 1885 in grave 1351. I think they are both buried in the same grave and that George was a very young son of Joseph and Mary.

RICHARD & KATHERINE AGNES CLEMENTS
Richard was born at Adelaide Lead via Maryborough in 1866. The Post Office directory for 1890 shows him as a miner at Bullumwaal. He also owned a store and butchery at Kingsmith Gully, Bullumwaal in the 1890's and was a gold buyer as well- he must have been a busy person! Richard married Katherine Agnes Ryan at Bairnsdale on 2nd November 1899. Their son Richard Harold died in 1901 aged 3 months and 4 days and is buried in the Bullumwaal new cemetery.

The whole of Victoria was shocked when Richard and Katherine were brutally murdered on 15th February,1928. They were both battered to death with a hammer and were unrecognisable. It was thought that Richard Clements heard a noise in the store and went to investigate. He was struck down and killed as was his wife who had gone to assist him. It is believed that robbery was the motive for the killings.

Eric Gordon, a local labourer was arrested for their murders. He was found guilty and sentenced to death which was later commuted to a jail term. He was released after some years. Unfortunately there was a dispute between the Clements and Ryan families for the estate of 6500 pounds. The Ryan family won the case on the grounds that as Richard had died first his widow would have left the estate to her family!

CHARLES CLEMENTS
Charles Clements was born at Adelaide Lead via Maryborough on 1/2/1861. He was a son of Joseph and Mary Clements (nee Fitzpatrick). The next record known of him is a record of his admission to Maryborough Hospital in 1888 when his occupation was given as a miner, so he must have looked for gold in the Maryborough region. He then moved to the Gippsland goldfields where he never seemed to be lucky enough to find the elusive yellow metal.

Charles married Annie Hollensen in the Roman Catholic Church at Bairnsdale on 22nd .June,1893. He lived at BaIIumwaal when married which at that time was the home of many of the Clements family. Annie gave her address as Bairnsdale but had been born at Deptford. Her father Nicholas was a pioneer stage coach driver in the region.

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Marienkirche at Flensburg where NicboIas Hollensen was baptised

Nicholas Hollensen was from a family who had lived for centuries at Ausacker near Flensburg which is now in Germany but at that time was part of Denmark

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My wife Angela with a distant relative, Gunter Hollensen who lives in Flensburg (1996)

The couple had nine children: John Charles (who died young), Richard .Joseph, Charles Frederick, Veronica, Daniel Nicholas, Kathleen, Edmund, Ellen and Ronald Colin.
In 1905 Charles Clements was working in the Cassilis mine near Omeo whilst the rest of the family lived at Bulluwaal. He then bought a house at the Springs near Cassilis for the princely sum of nine pounds and brought the family to The Springs.

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Clements family & friends at The Springs.

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Grandfather Charles Clements

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Chance Gully Mine at Cassillis

When the gold petered out at Cassilis, the family again moved this time to Bruthen, where many of the children went to school. I think the family lived mainly off the earnings of labouring in the market gardens at Bruthen.

Charles died after a long illness at the school residence at Borung where my father was teaching at the time. His death was caused by phthisis which was also known as miner’s disease. He died on 5th February,1917 and was buried at Bruthen after a service taken by the Church of England minister. Annie Maria Clements died at East Melbourne on 11th May,1955 aged 84 years.

SOME INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHILDREN OF CHARLES AND ANNIE CLEMENTS

Richard Joseph Clements (My father)
Richard was bom at Carlton on 23/6/1898. He was the oldest member of the family. He lived most of his school life at small mining settlements in Gippsland including The Springs near Omeo and also Cassilis.

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Cassilis School, Early 1911
Standing: Jim Ward, Phillip McDonald, Leo Brown, George MacNamara and Dick Clements
Seated: Eileen Hickey, Ronald McDonald, David Peple, Iva Brown and Georgina McGrath

His former teacher at Cassilis kept in touch with him. He wrote to Dick at Borung State School on 1/8/1911 as follows:

My Dear Dick, I received your letter tonight and was somewhat surprised to hear that you had been transferred to another schooI. I agree entirely with you that your absence due to illness is responsible for your temporary demotion. I say temporary because I know you, and, knowing you, I am confident that you will make a good recovery this term. Don't be at all disheartened. Work all the harder. You did well in English, Geography, History and Drawing. Your marks compare with Jim's in these subjects, more than favourably. English 65 to 54, Geog. 76 to 76, Drawing 69 to 63, History 71 to 78. In these subjects you can do much by way of private study to help yourself, in the others you would have to rely more particularly on your teacher and it is just in these subjects that you were weak. Well, Dick, it's no use to repine - just set your teeth and tackle those weak subjects with the grimmest determination. Utilise your spare hours - off days, etc. to make up the leeway. Remember that in 8 months you caught and passed those in this school who had 16 weeks start on you. You can do that again. You must get back into Class F1 at the end of this term. Just pass a good exam and then go straight to Mr Hocking and ask him to give you another trial in F1. And never forget that it will be a story to you, if you, at the end of 1912 'wallop' the whole lot of the present F1 students!

And let me, Dick, give you some advice- in all kindliness. You are far too shy- too backward in speaking up for yourself, you keep too much in the background. I know you suffer when you have to speak for yourself; is it not excruciating agony to you to come out in front of your class? I understand and sympathise with your feelings, but know you can overcome them by resolutely making up your mind to have more to say; ask your teachers questions in class- you'll probably be scared at the sound of your own voice for a while, but never mind, just speak out clearly so that all can hear. Take an active part in games with other boys. Gradually, if you persevere, the awkward nervous feeling will wear away and you will feel more at home and will be the better able to do yourself justice.. You see, Dick, your teachers have not realised your real capacity, as you are so quiet they have not come to know you and probably think you are somewhat dull as a student whereas I, having got to know you closely, am convinced that your mental gifts are far above the ordinary, indeed ‘brilliant’ is the only term I would apply to your talents as a student. If you can get over that feeling, Dick- I know how hard it will be- you will speedily convince your teachers- they have so many students to deal with that you must expect them to have difficulty in gauging the abilities of a quiet boy like yourself. They have nothing to judge you except the marks of a single exam. Personally I have… doubt you will convince them all of your ability before the two years are out. Remember that some of the most brilliantly successful students have had severe initial failure to contend against. It is merely a temporary check that you have received. Work hard in French and Physics. Will you have exactly the same work in Class G1 as in F1? I sincerely hope so. Tell Jim Ward that I received his newsy letter and shall write to him next week. am very pleased with his success.

I am very busy just at present getting ready for our exam 2 months hence. We are very inconveniently accommodated in the Hall and at Dunn's and it is hard work trying to maintain a good standard of work. Carl will let you know all the Cassilis news. Of course, Dick, I am not under the impression that you have done badly at this exam - you have been unlucky- Cheer up and you will come out on top.

Yes, Rose and Syd did splendidly, also Alf and Joe - at Sale Ellen averaged 68 omitting Drawing and Physics (her weakest subjects) she averaged 76. She is a long way above the average of her class.
With best wishes and my assurance that I still believe in your ultimate pronounced success. I am Your friend Ronald McDonald P. S. Write again just before the end of the term and let me know how you think you have been getting on. Perhaps I can help you with advice.

(Dad sent this wonderful letter to Carl with the note- Tell Mr Mac that I am working hard and that we have the same work in G1 as in F1.)

We are fortunate that two letters from my father to his mother were kept. They were written from Borung whehe was teaching at the time.

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Borung School in 1997- c1osed.

Borung,
Tuesday

Dear Mum,
I arrived safely this afternoon after a trying journey. I am just about tired out and will take a day or two to recover. As you may imagine I am feeling lonely- much more so than I had expected. The first thing that greeted me was the kitten which was greatly delighted to see me. Janet came down yesterday and left things in good order. The floors have been scrubbed, tile clothes washed, and a curtain has been placed around the home made dressing table. Everything is very nice, but all so quiet. I will be looking forward to the time when some of you will be over here with me again. It makes a great difference- more than I imagined. I will not get things in proper going order until next week. I may take a trip over to Wedderburn on Saturday and: look up Mr Penrose.

I received a nice letter of sympathy from Mr Sublet, Korong Vale H. T., today. It is now 8 o'clock here and the thermometer is registering 94 degrees in the shade. It has been a hot day. Beer was in great demand at all the refreshment rooms on the road. I met Will Cornwall yesterday in the train. He was on his way to Pakenham to see his people while he is recovering from the accident he met with some time ago. He says he may be engaged in road work in Bruthen shortly and ,if so, he will offer Carl a job at 9 shillings per day. He is a very decent sort and perhaps if Carl were out of work later on he could take on the work for a while. Now, Mum, I don't want you to worry about me. We will manage somehow for a time, and then later on we will be able to arrange matters so that we can all live together.
Tell Aunty Maud to write to me. I would be pleased to hear from Carl, Dan, Kale, and Eddie and Nellie too at any time.
With love to all
I remain
Your affectionate son
Dick C.

Borung
18/2/1917

Dear Mum,
I was very glad to receive your letter yesterday. One time I used to think of this place as home or, rather a home away from home, but now I cannot do so. I will have to send for Vera and Kate shortly, I think, because the lady who was cooking at the hotel has taken her departure and Davis and I are practically batching here. We did this before of course, but it is not very satisfactory. I get a pint of milk daily from Mac's and drink it all. We have had some warm weather since I returned but I do not feel it very much. Will Dan shift out of Bruthen for his holidays? It would be good for him to go to Melb. There should be a holiday excursion in connection with Win- the -War day about the end of the week.
I sprinted over to Wedderburn on the bike yesterday and came back after dinner. I called in and saw Mr and Mrs Penrose. They have only a middling opinion of the place so far but will probably like it better when the weather gets cooler. They wanted me to stop but I was unable to do so yesterday- too much work to do here. However I will weekend there some other time. The letters, etc. you have received show that none of our friends have forgotten us.

I trust in God (as we should) and believe that he does everything for the best, then our load will not be so heavy to bear.

The kitten is getting on alright. I am all the time falling over it whenever I move about. Mrs Wills and the other ladies have been asking about you.
There are over 60,000 bags of wheat stacked at the local station- the biggest stack from Bendigo to the end of the line.

We had a nice drop of rain on Thursday night and the dust has not been so troublesome since.
I think I must have left my shaving brush at home. If you see it about anywhere, I would be glad if you could post it on. Well I will close now
With love to all
I remain
Your affectionate son
Dick C.

Give my love to Aunty Maud

Authors Note:(Both these letters were written soon after Charles Clements died)

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Dick watching Grace & Nance Lockhart feeding the lambs at 'Tooley'.

MARRIAGE TO MARGARET ALISON LOCKHART
Richard married my mother at Nyah West on 23/4/1931.
Mum was born at Wedderbum on 18/9/1909. She was the daughter of Bryan and Aria Lockhart. It is of interest to note that Dad taught Mum in 1919 at Wood Wood State School

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Wood Wood State School 1919- Mum is 4th from left in 2nd back row

After marriage, Dad taught at many schools including: Ringwood, Nyah, Sea Lake, Numurkah, Echuca, Castlemaine and finally Hamilton North where, whilst Head Teacher, he died on 30/4/1958 and was buried in the Roman Catholic section of the Hamilton cemetery.

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Margaret Allison Lockhart

All his life my father retained his interest in milling and kept many press cuttings and photos which have since disappeared. He was also very interested in old school buildings and was known never to pass one on his travels in Victoria. Children of the marriage are Elizabeth Anne (Priest), Neil Richard, John Charles, .Judith Alison Jean (Beavis), Kathleen Nancy (Dean) and Roberta Mary (Burton).

DANIEL NICHOLAS CLEMENTS
Daniel Clements was another son of Charles and Annie. He was born at Bullumwaal on 23/2/1901. Dan attended school at Bruthen and when only 14 years old joined the postal department as a telegraph messenger. Unfortunately his position at Bruthen was abolished in 1917 and Dan was transferred to Orbost then various parts of Melbourne. He was later promoted to messenger at the Central Telephone Exchange in Melbourne in 1918. After 4 years in Melbourne Dan was promoted to Postal Clerk in Moe. He was appointed back to Melbourne in 1925. An interesting period in Dan's work would have been six weeks at the start of World War 2 when he was on duty at Victoria Barracks transmitting telegraphic material to Canberra.

After being promoted to senior postal clerk at Echuca, Dan transferred to acting Post Master at Korumburra in 1940 and in 1943 was promoted to postmaster at Ballan, where he was also required to switch and test lines for the beam wireless station. Because of a housing shortage at Ballan, Dan transferred to Nagambie. He married Mary Catherine Lawlor at the Church of St Therese in Ballarat on 8/11/1947. The couple had 2 children, Elizabeth Mary, born at Ballarat on 24/11/48 and Catherine Ann born at Nagambie on 21/2/1951.

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During 1951 Dan also acted as a Grade 3 Postmaster at Cobram for 6 weeks and in 1952 was appointed Postmaster at Kyabram. Dan was again promoted in 1957 to the position of Postmaster Grade 4 at Warragul.

Dan died on 11/9/1964 at the home of his sister-in-law Mrs Elizabeth Downes. His passing caused great sadness to his family and to the community as well. The report in 'The Warragul Guardian' of 15/9/1964 gives an indication of the esteem in which he was held:

SUDDEN DEATH OF WARRAGUL POSTMASTER
MR DAN CLEMENTS PASSES

Many local residents were shocked to learn, on Saturday morning last, that the death had occurred at Ballarat the previous evening of Mr Daniel Clements, postmaster at Warragul. He was 65 years of age. He had just completed three weeks annual leave in Adelaide and was returning to Warragul for the weekend in preparation for resuming work. He and his wife called on relatives and he stated that he did not feel too well and was tired. He went to bed and at about 8.30 p.m. he peacefully passed away.

While in Warragul Dan Clements proved to be a most obliging and efficient postmaster. Any query or information required was freely and most readily supplied in his usual urbane but thorough manner. He was a man of quiet and reserved nature but that did not in any way interfere with his excellent administration. He was always the same: courteous, obliging and nothing was ever a trouble.

The late gentleman had other interests outside his professional calling. He was a keen member of the Warragul Bowling Club and a minute’s silence was observed at the opening ceremony on Saturday morning when reference was made to his sad passing. A flag was also flown at half mast at the gold club during the weekend, for the late gentleman was also a playing member there. He was also a keen adherent of St Joseph's church and he gave freely of his business talents in the interests of the parish.
Many people will miss Dan Clements for he was one of nature's gentlemen. There was nothing put on about him. He was genuinely sincere in all he did and once you had his confidence he was a true and lasting friend. The condolences of many will be extended to his widow and their two daughters in their sad and sudden bereavement and the loss of a devoted and loving husband and father. The funeral took place at Ballarat on Monday afternoon last and was attended by several local residents.

His wife Mary died on 1/12/1977 at the Austin Hospital in Heidlberg. Both Dan and Mary are buried in the Ballarat New Cemetery. (Material contributed by Elizabeth Litaize, Dan's daughter)

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Dan, Kate & Nell Clements

EDMUND ARTHUR CLEMENTS (Extracted from the book, Around the Campfire Ashes: Tales of Old Gippsland by Eddie Clements and Keith Shepherd)

Eddie Clements was born at Cassilis on 15/2/1906. He later went to school in Bruthen. When the family eventually moved to Melbourne, Eddie attended Swinburne Technical College. He then joined the Commonwealth Public Service, where he worked for over 50 years in several departments, the last being the Department of Works.

Eddie has had a lifelong interest in many aspects of writing and theatre. He was a prominent figure in Melbourne amateur theatre, both as an actor and as Director of the Coronet Theatre Group. He has contributed feature articles to the Herald and the Argus. As well, he has been a collector and performer of Australian folksongs and President of the Folklore Council of Australia. Before his death, Eddie lived in Kew for many years.

KATHERINE MARY (Veronica)
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Aunty Vera was born in 1898. I have little information about Aunty Vera. I can remember her as being the one chosen to stay all her life at home to look after her intellectually handicapped brother, Ronald. I can also remember that, apart from her regard for her church, she loved to back the horses- I don't know whether she ever found a winner!

KATHLEEN CLEMENTS
Kathleen Clements was born on 5/7/1903 and attended school at Bruthen and later Borung ,where her brother Richard was Head Master. Kathleen was a teacher all her life but other details are not known. From fairly frequent correspondence with Aunty Kate I know she was very interested in the Clements family history. Besides living at 2 William Street, Glenferrie, she also owned a holiday home at Ocean Grove.

ANNIE ELLEN CLEMENTS
Ellen's birth date is not known but she attended Bruthen School from 6/7/1914 and left in June 1918 for the Kew Convent. Aunty Nell worked whilst young in a lolly shop in the Glenferrie area and was later working at Willaura when she met and married Des Phillips who had a property in that area.

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CHARLES FREDERICK
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Born in 1898, Uncle Carl worked for a shipping company in Melbourne before being moved to Sydney.

JOHN CLEMENTS - MY OWN BACKGROUND
I was born in a private hospital at Ringwood, Victoria on 10th January,1936. The site is now a major shopping centre. I am the son of Richard Joseph and & Alison Clements.

Schools attended included Nyah, Sea Lake, Numurkah and Echuca. I was a Victorian Public Servant for 14 years whilst living in Rochester and Melbourne. Whilst in Melbourne I married Angela Natasha Evans at the East St Kilda Presbyterian Church on 4 March 1967.

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Stanley Joseph Evans

Angela was one of twin girls born to Stanley Joseph and Dorothea Evans. Muriel and Angela were born on 22 February 1944, in the midst of the London Blitz.

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We had two children, Stuart Duncan born on 30 March 1971 at Mt Isa and Natalie Muriel, born 14 December 1974 at the Mater Hospital in Brisbane.

I worked at the University of Technology in Lae, New Guinea, for two years before coming to sunny Queensland. Here I worked for Aboriginal Affairs at Mt Isa, Brisbane, St George, Lockhart River and Woorabinda. I then changed my employment to become a health educator in the Health Department, where I was employed at Rockhampton and Toowoomba. I left the Health Department in 1994 and now write history as well as selling books, for hobbies.

In 1987 I obtained an Associate Diploma in Local & Applied History from Armidale College of Advanced Education. I have written a number of family and local histories on topics that include:

Joseph Lockhart of Wedderburn
Nicholas Hollensen of Flensburg
Depot Hill State School Golden Jubilee
Toowoomba Hospital,
Drayton & Toowoomba cemetery
Tombstones
Toowoomba Hotels
Garden of Remembrance
Various church histories

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My wife Angela died after a long battle with cancer on 18 March 2002.

My son, Stuart, had two children after his second marriage. This marriage was to Lesley Phinn. Alexander was born in Brisbane on 18 December 2002 and Isabel was also born in Brisbane, on 11 February 2006. Stuart is now separated from his second wife.

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John Clements and grandchildren, Alexander Callum, and Isabel.

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